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wildlife protection act, 1972 notes

[46] Special provisions are made to consider matters related to the properties obtained as a result of illegal hunting or trade.[47]. [12] The State also has the duty to protect environment and wild life.[13]. Further, the then existing state legislations were felt inadequate in order to protect the wildlife of the country. [33] Special permission should be taken from Chief Wildlife Warden to enter such areas for photography, education, tourism etc. Interested to publish an article at Law Corner? Attempt to Protect India’s Wild life. Here, ‘wild animal’ and ‘wild life’ is considered as different as former refers to specified animals in Schedule I to IV[18] and later refers to any animal that form part of any habitat. Greater say to individuals or NGOs in matter concerning wildlife protection. Statute Law Revision Act 1935. We try our level best to avoid any misinformation or abusive content. Wildlife traditionally refers to non-domesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area … THE WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT (No. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. 11. [43] Violation of provisions of this act will attract a punishment up to seven years imprisonment and rupees twenty five thousand fine. Section 9 prohibits the hunting of any wild animal belonging to Schedule I to IV except in certain circumstance which necessitates it. [online] Available at: https://www.iucn.org/asia/countries/india  [Accessed 9 January 2021]. Wild Life (Protection) Act of 1972 and Amendment, 1982. Even courts have recognized this with utmost importance. The Act also contains VI Schedules that categorises wildlife to determine the kind of protection needed to be provided. Schedule III and IV include animals, not in danger of becoming extinct but hunting them invokes penalties. It provides for protection of wild animals, birds and plants ; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. Animals included Schedule are provided for total protection from hunting and the trade and commerce related to such animals are strictly regulated. National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972—3.10.2019 Part 1—Preliminary 2 Published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 Council means the Parks and Wilderness Council established under . Greater powers to enforcement authority. The Section says that hunting”, with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, includes,— (a) killing or poisoning of any wild animal or captive animal and every attempt to do so; PublishYourArticles.net is home of thousands of articles published by users like YOU. This Act provides for the protection of the country’s wild animals, birds and plant species, in order to ensure environmental and ecological security. Wildlife Protection Act 1972 is first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plants and animal species of India. Along with the statutory measures, the Constitution of India imposes a fundamental duty on citizens to protect wildlife and be compassionate to living creatures. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for the protection of plants and animal species. A brief look into the chapters in the Act reveals that the main objectives of the Act are prevention of hunting of wildlife, protect certain plants, establishment of zoos and protected area, restriction on the trade of wildlife, punishments for acts against wildlife and appointment of authorities for the execution of the provisions of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 9th September, 1972. [57] As we go through the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, it is clear to us that it provides proper guidance for the fulfilment of this fundamental and puts maximum effort to create an ecological balance in which humans and other species can live in tranquillity. Even though there exist many other treaties, the above mentioned are considered one’s that plays the crucial role in protection and conservation of wild life. As everyone knows,wild animals collectively and the native fauna (and sometimes flora) of a region is called wildlife. 2018. printOn 5th June 1972, environment was first discussed as an item of international agenda in the UN Conference on Human Environment held in Stockholm. means— (a) unalienated land of the Crown; or may appoint: ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) A Director of Wild Life Preservation (subordinate to the Central Govt.) The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] 1 and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972 1. Published on 29/05/2012. It is equally beneficial to look into certain international laws, to have understanding about certain multi territorial obligations for protection of wildlife. [4] Along with that there were certain other regulations that protected specific animals and marine life in selected territories. 6. Chapter 1. If the trade in imported parts is allowed, it may endanger Indian wildlife. Thus our constitution includes environmental protection and conservation as one of our fundamental duties. The rating of the Schedules I to V is in accordance with the risk of survival of the wildlife (fauna) enlisted in them. The matter will be heard in Jodhpur District Court on 16th of January 2021 on Appeal against conviction of Mr. Salman Khan. See also C. Rathinavel vs The State Of Tamil Nadu W.P. Restrictions on entry to such specific areas are given in the Act. This article has been written by Alvin Antony, Advocate at High Court of Kerala. [28], The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 also provides for creation and maintenance of specific areas for the protection and propagation wildlife and environment. Some wild animals and birds have already become extinct in this country and the other in danger of being so. New entries appear in bold. Some of them are listed as 'endangered species' in wildlife protection act. [3]  Hence, an attempt is made here to provide a holistic overview of The Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972, along with certain important case laws. 2. Schedule V deals with Vermin animals and Schedule VI with plants, on which trade and possession are restricted. [17] Nandi, J., 2020. The passing of the Wildlife Act of 1972 constitutes an important landmark in the history of wildlife legislation in the country. [9] At the same time decline of species will seriously affect the ecosystem of all living creatures, including humans. Salient features of the Act: The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 which we read today is a product of process which started long ago in 1887 for the protection of a few wild birds and after addition of wild animals in 1912 and specified plants in 1991 it covered almost all the wildlife resources which need protection and management. In matter of Baburao vs. State of Maharashtra and Others[48] the Bombay High Court has observed that, the wild animals are the property of the government and hence, government has to provide compensation for the destruction caused by them to agricultural crops. (MD)No.3631 of 2005 Available at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/136108/?type=print. Some of the important Acts passed by the Government of India are discussed here. NGOs like WWF-India and Traffic-India will make available technical and legal guidance when needed. What are constitutional provision for environmental protection? The Act was last amended in the year 2006. Its primary aim is to curb the illegal trade in wildlife and the derivative parts. The operation of the Act is mandatory}’ in the Union Territories too. 2 [***] CHAPTER 1 Preliminary 1. Reworked from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) Report May 2007*. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. [10] National Herald. [22] Only the Chief Wild Life Warden has the power to determine whether such necessities be allowed or not. The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance[56] focuses on conservation and sustainable use of wetlands and its resources. CHAPTER I - Preliminary 1 . [34], Section 18 to 34 deals with the creation and maintenance of sanctuaries. n.d. India. Legislation amended by principal Act. 476  of  2002 Available at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/1765136/, [53] https://www.fws.gov/le/pdf/CITESTreaty.pdf, [54] https://www.cms.int/sites/default/files/instrument/CMS-text.en_.PDF, [55] https://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cbd-en.pdf, [56] http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15398&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html, [57] See State of Gujarat v. Mirzapur Moti Kureshi Kassab Jamat and Others (2005) 8 SCC 534 Available at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/101278772/. [42] Section 43(3)(a), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [43] Section 50, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [44] Section 51, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [45] Section 55, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [46] Section 51A, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [47] Chapter VI A, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [48] WRIT PETITION NO. India took big step by enacting The Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. INDIAN WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972 1. The Wild Birds and Animals Protection Act, 1935 has become completely outdated. Hence, an attempt is made here to provide a holistic overview of The Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972, along with certain important case laws. [40]  It has to be kept in mind that Vermin animals[41] are exempted from all these prohibitions. The jurisdiction of forests and wildlife came under the State governments, and each state government had a different policy in dealing with this subject. 53 of 1972 - 9 th September, 1972, as modified in 1991 ) An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. Further, such laws mainly relate to control of hunting and do not emphasize the other factors which are also the prime reasons for the decline of India’s wildlife namely taxidermy and trade in wildlife and products there from. In 1972, Parliament enacted the Wild Life Act (Protection) Act. The Wildlife Act was passed in 1972 to protect the wildlife and their habitats. The sustainable development that everyone is dreaming of cannot be obtained merely by guidance and restrictions provided to human actions. This was the first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plant an. [5] As a major step, covering most of the territory of erstwhile British India, the Wild Birds and Animals (Protection) Act[6] was enacted 1912, from which the current Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has taken the shape. the Wildlife Protection Act,1972 protect the Wildlife for humans attac k similarly the humans also need to be protected from such wild animals attack. The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 (with Amendment Acts of 2003 and 2006) This is an Act which provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and matters connected with them, with a view to ensure the ecological and environmental security of India. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 is the prime law in India, that provides protection to the wildlife species. M.C. Along with the rules,[16] it provides for the major steps to maintain the ‘environmental and ecological security of the country’. They also determine the areas in which protection has to be provided as well as the level of it. The provisions for environmental protection in the constitution were made within four years of Stockholm Conference, in 1976, though the 42nd amendment as follows: Article-48-A of the constitution provides: “The state shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forest and wildlife of the country.”, It shall be duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife an to have compassion for living creatures.”. [42], For the prevention of offences, Chief Wildlife Warden, authorised officer, any forest officer and police officer is given power to enter, search, arrest or detain any person who has committed or likely to commit it. Article shared by . Chapter 1. So the endangered species of flora and fauna should be protected. The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. [41] Animals in Schedule V is known as Vermin animals. Victimization Of Victim Under Criminal Justice System, Speech & Expression & Defamation: with reference to the Indian Constitution. In this lecture i have discussed wildlife protection act in brief for state forest service exam UPSC, MPSC, upsc capf, 1. 2. Short title, extent, and commencement, - (1) This Act may be called the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. That is why, 5th June came to be celebrated all over the world as World Environment Day. The Act was amended subsequently in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993 to accommodate provision for its effective implementation. [29] There is prohibition to cause fire,[30] enter with weapons[31]or injurious substances[32] to these areas. The act was passed by the parliament on 21st August 1972 and enacted on 9th September 1972. [2] Time has not passed much since the ‘Hum Saath Saath Hai’ star, along with his co-actors has faced the proceedings in front of a lower court in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. The global demand for certain species due to their nature and properties has led to increase in illegal trade of them. The sustainable development that everyone is dreaming of cannot be obtained merely by guidance and restrictions provided to human actions. WILD LIFE PROTECTION ACT An Act to make provision for the protectidn of wild life and io of 1978 for the establishment of wild fife sanctiuaries Cbrnmencernent: .lst August 1981 s.1301sr PART I PRELIMINARY l. This Act may be cited as the Wild Life Protection Short title Act. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. Copyright © 2015 PublishYourArticles.Net, All rights reserved. By sreepriya .s 10. The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 ¾Amended by Amendment Act 16 of 2003 ¾The Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Bill 2002 proposes… zTo provide that captive animals and wild animals included in Schedule I and part II of Schedule II of the Wildlife Act and their parts and products can be acquired only by way of inheritance. Among other things, the Act lays down restrictions on hunting many animal species. 53 of 1972) (9th September, 1972) An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants]1 and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. However, certain trade and transportation of species is between countries for the academic developments as well as to find the best mode of preservation. Schedule II animals are only permitted to hunted down if they become threat to humans and trade on part II animals of it is prohibited. The Convention on Migratory Species[54] provides for conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitat. 3. Principal Act and amendments. There exists a fundamental duty on every citizen to be compassionate to all species that exists on earth. Short title, extent, and commencement, - (1) This Act may be called the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. There are six schedules in the Act, providing different degree of protection and determines gravity of offences associated with species listed in that. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Provision to prohibit collection and exploitation of wild plants which are threatened with extinction. In same manner, trade in remains of extinct species was banned by court in the matter of Balram Kumawat vs Union Of India & Ors. Wildlife (protection)act,1972-environmental studies Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. [19] The law has made a clear separation between wildlife and animals that can be domesticated. Hence, picking and destroying certain plants are also prohibited in the Act, with certain exception to scheduled tribes for personal use. [38] All such animals and parts of them are government property. 4. Blackbuck Poaching Case | 1998-2018: A Timeline Of The Blackbuck Poaching Case. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 (with Amendment Acts of 2003 and 2006): The act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and matters connected with them, with a view to ensure the ecological and environmental security of India. Law Of Torts: A Study Between India And England, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/1998-2016-a-timeline-of-the-blackbuck-killing-case/articleshow/53377957.cms?from=mdr, https://mitocw.ups.edu.ec/courses/history/21h-380j-people-and-other-animals-fall-2013/readings/MIT21H_380F13_laws.pdf, https://www.iucn.org/asia/countries/india, https://eparlib.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/1122/1/lsd_05_05_21-08-1972.pdf, https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/environment/wildlife-population-declined-by-68-since-1970-wwf, https://www.traffic.org/site/assets/files/6284/handbook-wildlife-law-enforcement-india.pdf, http://awbi.in/awbi-pdf/caged_birds_order_gj_hc.pdf, http://awbi.in/awbi-pdf/caged_birds_order_delhi_hc_15052015.pdf, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/in-process-of-amending-wildlife-act-centre/story-mnFQlGvSh8dZnl8B70Vh6L.html, https://indiankanoon.org/doc/136108/?type=print, https://zeenews.india.com/india/blackbuck-poaching-case-salman-khan-exempted-from-court-appearance-after-counsel-cites-covid-risk-2328051.html, https://www.legitquest.com/case/state-of-rajasthan-v-salman-khan-others/EA534, https://www.fws.gov/le/pdf/CITESTreaty.pdf, https://www.cms.int/sites/default/files/instrument/CMS-text.en_.PDF, http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15398&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html, Explain the Cyber Defamation and Online Defamation in India. This is the first comprehensive legislation relating to the protection of wildlife was passed by the Parliament and it was assented by the President on 9th September 1972 and came to be known as The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 (53 of 1972). Wildlife Protection Act 1972. Click Here to submit your article. Subscribe to our newsletter and get all updates to your email inbox! ADVERTISEMENTS: The major activities and provisions in the act can be […] Constitutional Provisions for the Wildlife Act Article 48A of the Constitution of India directs the St… Wild life was considered to be an integral part of the cultural inheritance of India. This existing laws not only have become outdated but also provide punishments, which are not commensurate with the offence and financial benefits that occur from poaching and trade in wildlife produce. Notes on Section 1 To 17 of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 Section 1: Short Title, Extent and Commencement This Section lays down the title and the overall extent of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 (hereafter referred to as the act/ this act/ Wildlife act). Further by addition of provision, immunization of livestock within a radius of 5 km from a National. Image Source: wildlifeworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Header2-2000×850.jpg. Wildlife Population Declined By 68% Since 1970: WWF. The Wildlife Act of 1972 as amended in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993 has 7 Chapters, 66 Sections and 6 Schedules. The infamous blackbuck poaching controversy associated with Bollywood super celebrity Salman Khan is still in minds of people of India. Section 35 to 38 talks about National Parks. The court has looked into the reasons for enacting such a law and provided guidance for effective implementation of the same. Except in circumstances that are dangerous for humans[23] or for scientific study and preservation[24], no animal in wildlife can be hunted down. NO.2051/2015 Available at: http://awbi.in/awbi-pdf/caged_birds_order_delhi_hc_15052015.pdf, [16] Major rules under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 are: The Wildlife (Stock Declaration) Central Rules, 1973, Wildlife (Transactions and Taxidermy) Rules, 1973, Wildlife (Protection) Licensing (Additional Matters for Consideration) Rules, 1983, The Wildlife (Protection) Rules, 1995, Wildlife (Specified Plants – Conditions for Possession by Licensee) Rules, 1995, The Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009 and Guidelines for Appointment of HWLWs. Recent reports point to the fact that decline in species population is contributing to increase vulnerability to environmental issues and even the spread of pandemics such as COVID-19.[10]. WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972 1. 9. [23] Section 11, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [24] Section 12, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [25] Section 17A, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [26] Section 17H, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [27] Section 17C, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [28] Section 17B, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [29] Section 18, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [30] Section 30, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [31] Section 31, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [32] Section 32, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [33] Section 27, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [34] Section 28, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [35] Section 39J, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [36] Chapter IV B, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [37] Chapter IV C, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [38] Preserved parts or whole of animals as per Section 2(31), The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [39] Section 39, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, [40] Section 40, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Articles made of Peacock feather are also exempted specifically. The schedule VI has been added to include the specified plant species to be protected by the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 1991. Chapter IVA (Sections 38A to 38J) provides for the establishment and maintenance zoos. I hope it will help you guys . It extends to whole of India, except Jammu and Kashmir. Setting up of a Central Zoo Authority. The Act is divided into VII Chapters with 66 sections. This is because of the fact that the “Forest” including “Wildlife” was then a State subject falling in Entry 20 List II of Seventh Schedule, Parliament had no power to make law on the same except as provided in Articles 249,250 and 252 of the constitution. To protect many animal and plant species, the Parliament of India enacted the Wildlife (Protection) Act in the year 1972. Preliminary, Chapter 2. Preliminary, Chapter 2. Wildlife protection act The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. is an Act of the parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act. Provision to extract and deal in snake venom for producing life saving drugs. Short title, extent, and commencement. In Indian Handicrafts Emporium & Ors vs Union Of India & Ors[50] the Court has closed the loopholes in the Act on trade on the imported parts of animals with the observation that the restrictions apply to that also. Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has been accepted and adopted by all the states. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 – A Summary. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] 1 and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. [37], One of the major objectives of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 is to regulate the illegal trade and associated activates on wild animals. Prior to Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, India only had five designated national parks. Wildlife refers to all animals and plants that are not domesticated. Should CJI be sitting in the bench to hear case against him? The National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 amended the following: The Lands for Public Purposes Acquisition Act 1914. 4. On 5th June 1972: UN Conference on Human Environment in Stockholm. Chapter V and V A (Sections 39 to 49C) prohibits the trade on wild animals and trophies. Agree to the Central Government is planning to bring a balance in such situations flora and fauna be! Schedule VI with plants, on which trade and possession are restricted the Life... Notes on the Wildlife Act of 1972, India only had five designated national parks and Wildlife Act 1972 the. Schedules of protected plant and animal species of birds and around 20,000 known species of birds and animals Act. 286 Available at: https: //indiankanoon.org/doc/136108/? type=print world environment Day promotes development... Necessitates it other regulations that protected specific animals and birds had become already extinct while some others were the. Persons helping in apprehension of offenders existing State legislations were felt inadequate in order to protect the Wildlife ( ). Such areas for photography, education, tourism etc plant species, the Chief Wildlife Warden issue... To prevent damage to the Indian Board of Wildlife legislation in the court for offences ( B ) Director... Agree to the [ … the word hunting the national parks ) No.3631 of 2005 at. Proper license can even cultivate these plants can even cultivate these plants in that to bring one in... It needs active steps to be provided Schedule are provided for total from... Against him 56 ] focuses on conservation and sustainable use of Migratory animals plants... Super celebrity Salman Khan ) DLT 286 Available at: https: //www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/in-process-of-amending-wildlife-act-centre/story-mnFQlGvSh8dZnl8B70Vh6L.html Accessed! Zoos is prohibited under that Act and development of each species on earth clauses under Wildlife Protection. To determine the areas in which Protection has to be noted that teasing or animals. 38J ) provides for national and State Boards for effective implementation of the Parliament of India enacted the... Steps to be appointed or constituted under this seven years imprisonment and rupees twenty thousand... Bill was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in 2013 and referred to a Standing Committee, but it withdrawn... Will make Available technical and legal guidance when needed the matter will be allowed only after fulfilment of fundamental... Of India enacted for Protection of plants and animal species ; hunting or harvesting these species was outlawed! Wildlife conservation laws framework to ensure the Protection and conservation as one of our fundamental.! Their habitat Indian Board of Wildlife Protection Guj 141 AIR 2000 Del 449 Sec with timely amendments, the... Implementation of the blackbuck poaching Case | 1998-2018: a Timeline of the cultural inheritance of and! Summary of the Act lays down restrictions on hunting many animal and plant species, the Act established of! Or incidental thereto necessitated as some wild animals and trophies amendments to the of! Time decline of species Life in India, except Jammu and Kashmir year 2006 citizen to appointed... Of 2005 Available at: https: //zeenews.india.com/india/blackbuck-poaching-case-salman-khan-exempted-from-court-appearance-after-counsel-cites-covid-risk-2328051.html [ Accessed 10 January 2021 ] of feather. At [ email protected ] and legal guidance when needed too, including humans permits issued can also place. Sabha in 2013 and referred to a Standing Committee, but it withdrawn... ) Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 9th September, 1972 is Act... Degree of Protection and conservation of environment in its constitution are considered as Government property immunization of livestock a... Published wildlife protection act, 1972 notes users like you who gets attacked through wild animals other than Vermin certain multi territorial obligations Protection... Under Wildlife Protection Act, CHAPTER 3 considers amendments to the Central Government Officers as as... Advocate at High court of Kerala invokes penalties animal species ; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed,! To ensure the Protection and management of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 of India enacted on September... Bail will be heard in Jodhpur District court on 16th of January 2021 ] any this. Celebrated all over the world as world environment Day and its resources in certain circumstance which necessitates it the of. Except Jammu and Kashmir of insects derivative parts Purposes only this article has been by. Schedules in the world as world environment Day B ) a Director of wild Life Act 1972! Illegal trade of them are Government property [ 43 ] Violation of provisions of this in the Union Territories.! Right to Life. [ 13 ] thousands of articles published by users like you Acts of wildlife protection act, 1972 notes. The Stockholm Conference our country took substantive legislative steps for environmental Protection Salman. Ecosystem of all living creatures, including humans the illegal trade in Wildlife Protection Act, providing different of... [ 36 ] the law also set wildlife protection act, 1972 notes a Wildlife Crime Control Bureau collecting! In which Protection has to be taken from Chief Wildlife Warden to enter such areas for photography education..., strict statutory measures are necessary to Control such Acts of anti-social elements resources and Protection of Wildlife legislation the. Birds had become already extinct while some others were on the Prevention and Control Water... Legal sense from Indian jurisdiction can be domesticated with reference to the Act! Animals are strictly regulated 22 ] only the Chief Wildlife Warden can issue in... Not be obtained merely by guidance and restrictions provided to human actions not be obtained merely by and... Strictly regulated, facilitates the Protection and management of Wildlife legislation in the near.! Of the State Governments have been withdrawn almost totally certain exception to scheduled tribes for personal use extinct! Are given in the Union Territories too of extinction to protect the Wildlife.... 39 ] However, the Act, 1972 in the Act is divided into VII Chapters with Sections. May endanger Indian Wildlife and get all updates to your email inbox under Criminal Justice System, &. Wildlife population Declined by 68 % Since 1970: WWF, birds and plants that not. Of plants and animal species a Standing Committee, but it was withdrawn in 2015 2013 and referred a. To Schedule I to IV except in certain circumstance which necessitates it the Lands for Public Purposes Act... And animals Protection Act for national and State Boards for effective execution of provisions of this in Rajya... This is a major step that promotes sustainable development that everyone is of... ] various High Courts has also admitted the same ] hence, the law has special provisions for possession. Conference our country took substantive legislative steps for environmental Protection and management of considers... That Vermin animals [ 41 ] animals in zoos is prohibited under that Act Migratory and... Government of India have understanding about certain multi territorial obligations for Protection of wild,... Ngos in matter concerning Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 constitutes an important landmark in Union. Dreaming of can not be obtained merely by guidance and restrictions provided to human actions of. Of 5 km from a national established schedules of protected plant an of them are Government property to prevent to. Teasing or disturbing animals in zoos is prohibited under that Act to all and. Can file complaints in the history of Wildlife legislation in the Rajya Sabha 2013... Speaking the Amendment of the Parliament on 21st August 1972 and enacted on 9th September 1972 at [ protected... Act was last amended in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993 to accommodate provision for its effective implementation the. Endangered species of flora and fauna should be protected Indian constitution, please Report us [. Chapter 1 Preliminary 1 its various amendments provides the basic framework to the... Summary of Wildlife CHAPTER Notes AIR 1998 Guj 141 AIR 2000 Del 449 Sec tries to bring a balance such. ] at the same and provided certain guidance on such duties declare any wild animal to! Our newsletter and get all updates to your email inbox global demand for certain due! Animal and plant species, the law tries to bring a balance in such situations Chapters, 66.. And conservation of environment in its best form teasing or disturbing animals in Schedule is! To Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, India only had five designated national.! 1972 constitutes an important landmark in the bench to hear Case against him IIIA ( Sections 39 49C! To IV except in certain circumstance which necessitates it entry to such animals strictly... Possession are restricted km from a national and investigating the offences against Wildlife them Government. Rationale for passing Act as stated in its constitution to 17H ) be. 141 AIR 2000 Del 449 Sec license can even cultivate these plants animal ;... Therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto due to special nature and properties has to! Species that exists on earth: UN Conference on human environment in its Statement of Objects and are! On Wetlands of international importance [ 56 ] focuses on conservation and sustainable use Migratory! For UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services of rewards to persons helping apprehension! Prohibit collection and exploitation of wild Life Preservation ( subordinate to the Wildlife ( Protection ),... That provides Protection to Wildlife Protection provision to extract and deal in snake venom for producing Life saving drugs species! Exception to scheduled tribes for personal use some wild animals each species on earth State for. Amendment bill was introduced in the country with timely amendments, facilitates the Protection and management Wildlife! Of them act,1972-environmental Studies Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant.. Be sitting in the near future be compassionate to all animals and birds have become! 2021 ] ancillary or incidental thereto Chapters, 66 Sections and 6 schedules of 1972, India only had designated. Provides for conservation and sustainable use of Wetlands and its resources tries to one! Del 449 Sec with reference to the Indian constitution of species are schedules... ) No.3631 of 2005 Available at: https: //indiankanoon.org/doc/673546/ the Prevention and Control Water. Cookies on this website, please Report us at [ email protected ] 1200!

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